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Department of Public Health

Examination questions

Epidemiology, general medicine, 5th year, academic year 2012/13

  1. Epidemiology (definition, goals, scope)
  2. History of epidemiology (Hippocrates, Fracastorius, Ibn Sina, Pasteur, Koch, Jenner, Lister, Semmelweis)
  3. Clinical epidemiology  - introduction and basic issues
  4. Prevention, levels of prevention
  5. The role of international institutions in public health (ECDC, WHO)
  6. Technical terms in epidemiology of communicable diseases and their definitions (infectious agent, infection, contamination, source of infection, carrier of infection, vehicle of infection, vector of infection, outbreak area, possible case, probable case, confirmed case).
  7. Containment of the outbreak (isolation of the source of infection, decontamination)
  8. Disinfection and sterilisation
  9. Disinsection
  10. Rodent control
  11. Notification of infectious diseases.
  12. Epidemic process (definition, difference between epidemic and infectious process).
  13. Continuity of epidemic process.
  14. Structure of epidemic process.
  15. Intensity of epidemic process.
  16. Causation in epidemiology (relationship between a possible cause and a disease)
  17. Evolution of parasitism and infectious diseases
  18. Carriership of pathogenic microorganisms
  19. Bioterrorism
  20. Epidemiological classification of infectious diseases.
  21. Intestinal infections (general characteristics, epidemiology and prevention).
  22. Respiratory (airborne) infections (general characteristics, epidemiology and prevention).
  23. Infections of skin and external mucosae (general characteristics, epidemiology and prevention)
  24. Blood infections, transmissive diseases, arthropode-borne diseases (general characteristics, epidemiology and prevention).
  25. Biological vectors and their epidemiological importance.
  26. Zoonoses (general characteristics, epidemiology and prevention)
  27. Hospital infections (general characteristics, aetiology and sources).
  28. Transmission and prevention of hospital infections.
  29. Passive and active immunisation (definitions, types of vaccines and their composition, administration, adverse reactions, contraindications).
  30. Types of vaccination, objectives of vaccination.
  31. Vaccination against tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.
  32. Vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis.
  33. Vaccination against measles, rubella and mumps.
  34. Vaccination against viral hepatitis A and B.
  35. Vaccination against viral encephalitis, rabies, yellow fever and cholera.
  36. Vaccination against influenza, Haemophilus influenzae type b meningitis and typhoid fever.
  37. Prevention and control strategies of T.B.
  38. Prevention and control strategies of HIV/AIDS
  39. Statistical methods in epidemiology (definitions and classification)
  40. Distributions and measurement scales (types of data)
  41. Basic terms of descriptive statistics (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentile)
  42. Basic terms of analytic statistics (confidence intervals, null and alternative hypothesis, statistical significance of the difference)
  43. Statistical analysis of the focus of infection (outbreak area)
  44. Incidence and prevalence, mortality and morbidity, case-fatality rate
  45. Life expectancy at birth, Quality-adjusted life years, Potential years of life lost, Disablity-adjusted life years, Healthy life expectancy
  46. Epidemiological methods (general characteristics).
  47. Descriptive studies
  48. Case-control studies
  49. Cohort studies.
  50. Choosing methods in epidemiological analysis
  51. Validity of the diagnostic method (sensitivity, specificity, predictive value)
  52. Experimental epidemiology
  53. Epidemiologic surveillance
  54. Screenning
  55. Potential errors in epidemiological studies, confounding
  56. Chronic non-communicable diseases – epidemiology and public health importance
  57. Risk factors of chronic non-communicable diseases – definition, classification, health impact